Fig. 1 – With so much information on the Internet, it can be difficult to distinguish fact from fiction. Students should share their fact sheet with their peers and continue to revise their fact sheet by completing or revising it as needed. In addition, it is recommended that the fact sheets be checked by the instructor to ensure that they are properly completed. Without responsibility, students may not take this activity seriously. Knowledge gaps or false information can also be overlooked without others checking them. Confirmation bias is the human tendency to seek and believe information that confirms our prejudices. When examining a source, it is important to consider your own reaction to the information. Does the source of information tell you what you want to hear? Does that make confirmation bias difficult to recognize that a source is not as reliable as you think? You will know that you encounter confirmation bias when your emotions are strong and there is no healthy level of skepticism. No matter the emotion – happy, angry, sad, shocked – any article that tries to convince you to feel intense emotions is rather biased.
An author of a biased article may try to convince you to believe certain ideologies or support a cause instead of informing you. Look for sources of information that include the other side of the argument in the form of opposing evidence or interviews with experts that contradict the dominant mood of an article. Sources whose authors only intend to persuade others will not satisfy your need for information for an answer to your research question or evidence to convince your audience. This is because they are not always limited to facts. Instead, they share their opinions with us without backing them up with evidence. If you used these sources, your readers will notice your argument and won`t believe it. The word “truth” refers to things that are in accordance with the facts; However, it can also relate to people`s feelings. Take, for example, people who practice a particular religion. They believe that the teachings of this religion are the truth. However, these teachings cannot be facts, for there is no indisputable evidence that they are real. Note that all of the above statements are demonstrably true. Without proof, however, they could not be considered fact.
Subjective – Subjective information represents the views or interpretations of an individual or organization. Subjective information can be distorted or reflect educated and enlightened thinking. All opinions are subjective, but some are more factual than others. Another option is to think of a thesis as a complete sentence expressing your position. Encourage students to compile their course notes, textbook information, or facts from external sources such as peer-reviewed journals and published materials. The facts presented must be up-to-date, relevant and verified by a reliable source. There are additional criteria that can be used to assess the trustworthiness of a website. To make it even easier to evaluate sources, ask yourself the following questions: Urban legends are examples of misinformation. Many people spread urban legends that believe they are true, or at least there is a spark of truth in them.
The myth of the thin man is an example of a modern urban legend prevalent online. The children circulated the story of a bogeyman named Slender Man. Eventually, two children claimed that Slender Man forced them to attempt murder. Children are the future of our world, and thanks to growing public awareness of fake news, children are able to fight misinformation from an early age. Born between 1996 and 2010, Gen Z is the first generation to grow up on the Internet, with virtually endless access to technology and instant communication. Gen Z is well prepared for public service because they know the problems and are not afraid of activism. According to the Poynter Institute, older adults are more likely to share fake news. As digital natives, Gen Z may be better at evaluating sources and identifying fake news than older generations who are not natively familiar with the technology.
Fake news and misinformation often try to appeal to your emotions or provoke a strong or intense reaction. Is the article or news source trying to make you feel a certain way? Journalists and writers have control over the content they create, and they are obligated to ensure that the information they report is as accurate and true as possible. Nevertheless, according to the Poynter Institute, a study found that 80% of journalists fall into the trap of disinformation on the Internet. According to disinformation expert Joan Donovan, journalists and media outlets help amplify disinformation when they report it. That`s why Google has released two new tools that journalists can use to review stories. By reporting only information they know to be true, journalists and writers can stop misinformation before it has a chance to spread. What is the difference between a fact sheet and a study guide? Fact-checking with reliable information from credible sources may be the best way to combat the spread of misinformation. By checking a claim you see on social media or in an online article, you can check if it`s true or not. It is important to use verifiable and reliable sources to verify the information, otherwise you risk continuing the cycle. Point out that fact sheets are short and contain only the most important information on a topic. What question can readers ask to examine whether a fact is credible? Sometimes it can be difficult to determine if a source is trustworthy. If the URL of a source on the web ends in .org, .edu, or .gov, it can usually be assumed that it is trustworthy.
In addition, the information is reliable if a website cites a credible source. In contrast, claims found on forums, social media sites, or other informal websites that do not cite sources should be fact-checked. There are many resources and tools to help you verify the veracity of factual claims on and off the internet. Is it a fact or an opinion? “Beethoven was a musician.” With so much information on the internet, people need to understand how to identify credible facts and distinguish them from fake news. There are several characteristics of the facts that can help the perpetrators identify the facts. For example: Fig. 3 – It is important to know the difference between facts and opinions. Facts can be supported by evidence, while opinions reflect personal feelings.
The iterative process of reviewing and revising a fact sheet creates the ultimate study guide for a test. Wouldn`t it be quicker for me to just give students a fact sheet on a topic instead of creating one? For example, if they were doing research and referring to statistical facts about how recycling solves global warming, they would show the reader that recycling is important because it makes a difference in cleaning up the planet. The seemingly innocent act of sharing disinformation can have unintended and harmful consequences. When news outlets or editorial websites report disinformation without first checking the facts, the misinformation can become fake news. At worst, fake news undermines democracy. Misinformation can also lead to other problems, such as climate change denial or the anti-vaccination movement. People who fight disinformation are committed to ensuring that lies do not harm individuals and society as a whole. A fact sheet is a short, typed or handwritten document that contains the most relevant information on a particular topic in the smallest of spaces. The goal is to convey important facts and points on a topic in a clear, concise and easily understandable way. When developing a fact sheet, students should decide what is most important, organize it, and communicate it in their own words.